For the last few months I’ve been asking why women start fewer startups than men  (especially in the tech sector), and what can be done about it.
I’ve uncovered two key points on the issue so far:
+ There’s a drop off in gender ratio for admission numbers for women into graduate school for Masters & PhD degrees.
Why is that? It would seem that perhaps women are being systemically discouraged from applying to graduate school, or that graduate school admissions processes are still biased against admitting women (or a little of both). Either of those are harder to track down or prove than the data showing that the drop off occurs (academically known as Leaky Pipeline Theory). Many startups (especially in the tech sector) come out of the creative froth of graduate schools, so this is a problematic starting point.
+ There’s also appears to be some sort of venture capital gender gap. Perhaps this is further evidence of a social bias against women founding startups, or, it’s been suggested, perhaps women who do start businesses don’t think big enough.
I think both of these are approachable problems whose root causes could be determined by further research.
note: Some people proffer evolutionary psychology/childhood socialization theories, and while they might be factors, I mostly am not interested in them as I don’t see them as things that can be changed on a practical timescale. Additionally, I think these points are places to work from, and would have a larger immediate impact.